"Rumination is a way of responding to distress that involves repetitively (and passively) focusing on the symptoms of distress, and on its possible causes and consequences. Rumination is more common in people who are pessimistic, neurotic, and who have negative attributional styles. The tendency to ruminate is a stable constant over time and serves as a significant risk factor for clinical depression. Not only are habitual ruminators more likely to become depressed, but experimental studies have demonstrated that people who are induced to ruminate experience greater depressed mood. There is also evidence that rumination is linked to general anxiety, post traumatic stress, binge drinking, eating disorders, and self-injurious behavior. Rumination was originally believed to predict the duration of depressive symptoms. In other words, ruminating about problems was presumed to be a form of memory rehearsal which was believed to actually lengthen the experience of depression. The evidence now suggests that although rumination contributes to depression, it is not necessarily correlated with the duration of symptoms. Rumination is similar to worry except rumination focuses on bad feelings and experiences from the past, whereas worry is concerned over potential bad events in the future. Both rumination and worry are associated with anxiety and other negative emotional states."
No. of Studies (Positive/Negative)
Positive relationship between Rumination and MDD (count: 0)
Positive relationships between Rumination and other components at different levels (count: 3)
Protein and other molecule
Cell and molecular pathway
Cognition and behavior
Symptoms and signs
Positive relationship network of Rumination in MK4MDD
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1. The different color of the nodes denotes the level of the nodes.
Protein and Other Molecule
Cell and Molecular Pathway
Cognition and Behavior
Symptoms and Signs
2. User can drag the nodes to rearrange the layout of the network. Click the node will enter the report page of the node.
Right-click will show also the menus to link to the report page of the node and remove the node and related edges.
Hover the node will show the level of the node and hover the edge will show the evidence/description of the edge.
3. The network is generated using Cytoscape Web
Negative relationships between Rumination and MDD (count: 0)
Negative relationships between Rumination and other components at different levels (count: 0)
Copyright: Bioinformatics Lab, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Feedback
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Last update: October 10, 2015