MK4MDD

Cognition and Behavior Report

Basic Information
Name Cognitive processing bias
Description "A cognitive bias is a pattern of deviation in judgment that occurs in particular situations. Implicit in the concept of a ""pattern of deviation"" is a standard of comparison; this may be the judgment of people outside those particular situations, or may be a set of independently verifiable facts. Cognitive biases are instances of evolved mental behavior. Some are presumably adaptive, for example, because they lead to more effective actions in given contexts or enable faster decisions when faster decisions are of greater value. Others presumably result from a lack of appropriate mental mechanisms, or from the misapplication of a mechanism that is adaptive under different circumstances. Cognitive bias is a general term that is used to describe many observer effects in the human mind, some of which can lead to perceptual distortion, inaccurate judgment, or illogical interpretation."
No. of Studies (Positive/Negative) 28 (28/0) Help

Positive relationships betweenCognitive processing bias and MDD (count: 24)
Name in Literature Reference Research Type Statistical Result Relation Description Help
mood-congruent memory bias Watkins, 1996 patients and normal controls Depressed participants showed more priming of negative words...... Depressed participants showed more priming of negative words, whereas controls showed more priming of positive words. More...
mood-congruent memory bias Watkins, 2000 patients and normal controls Results support the theory that mood-congruent processes in ...... Results support the theory that mood-congruent processes in depression are limited to conceptual processing More...
mood-congruent attentional bias Eizenman, 2003 patients and normal controls Subjects with depressive disorder spent significantly more t...... Subjects with depressive disorder spent significantly more time looking at images with dysphoric themes than subjects in the control group. More...
mood-congruent attentional bias Gotlib, 2004 patients and normal controls Faces were presented for 1000 ms, at which point depressed p...... Faces were presented for 1000 ms, at which point depressed participants had directed their attention selectively to depression-relevant (i.e., sad) faces. This attentional bias was specific to the emotion of sadness; the depressed participants did not exhibit attentional biases to the angry or happy faces. More...
mood-congruent attentional bias Lim, 2005 patients and normal controls On the Stroop task, depressive patients showed supraliminal ...... On the Stroop task, depressive patients showed supraliminal interferences for negative words. More...
mood-congruent memory bias Lim, 2005 patients and normal controls On the explicit memory task, depressive and panic patients s...... On the explicit memory task, depressive and panic patients showed memory biases for negative words. More...
emotional bias Moritz, 2005 patients and normal controls Relative to healthy controls, patients with depression commi...... Relative to healthy controls, patients with depression committed more false recognition errors for emotionally charged words. More...
mood-congruent attentional bias Erickson, 2005 patients and normal controls Unmedicated depressed patients specifically display a mood-c...... Unmedicated depressed patients specifically display a mood-congruent bias toward salient stimuli. More...
mood-congruent attentional bias Leyman, 2007 patients and normal controls Patients with MDD showed maintained attention for angry face...... Patients with MDD showed maintained attention for angry faces compared with neutral faces. In comparison with non-depressed participants patients showed a stronger attentional engagement for angry faces. More...
mood-congruent attentional bias Joormann, 2007 patients and normal controls Whereas both currently and formerly depressed participants s...... Whereas both currently and formerly depressed participants selectively attended to the sad faces, the control participants selectively avoided the sad faces and oriented toward the happy faces, a positive bias that was not observed for either of the depressed groups. More...
mood-congruent attentional bias Kellough, 2008 patients and normal controls Depressed individuals spent significantly more time viewing ...... Depressed individuals spent significantly more time viewing dysphoric images and less time viewing positive images than their never depressed counterparts. More...
mood-congruent memory bias Moritz, 2008 patients and normal controls Relative to controls depressed patients showed both more ver...... Relative to controls depressed patients showed both more veridical as well as false recognition for items that concurrently elicited higher salience ratings in patients. Results indicate that salience modulates mood-congruent memory and may account for discrepancies in the literature. More...
mood-congruent memory bias Yeh, 2009 patients and normal controls The results revealed more negative false memories in the cli...... The results revealed more negative false memories in the clinical depression group than in the normal control group. More...
emotional bias Le Masurier, 2007 high-risk people and normal controls The depressed relative group was significantly faster to rec...... The depressed relative group was significantly faster to recognize facial expressions of fear than controls. The depressed relative group also showed significantly increased reaction time to recognize positive versus negative personality characteristics in the categorization task. More...
negatively biased evaluative processing Dannlowski, 2007 patients only r=-0.57, P-value = 0.001 Negatively biased evaluative processing was associated with ...... Negatively biased evaluative processing was associated with severity and longer course of illness (r=-0.57, p=0.001). More...
memory sensitivity to negative stimuli Hamilton, 2008 patients and normal controls Depressed individuals demonstrated greater memory sensitivit...... Depressed individuals demonstrated greater memory sensitivity than nondepressed participants to negative but not to neutral or positive stimuli. More...
emotion processing bias Wang, 2008 patients and normal controls Behaviorally, MDD patients were slower in response to Target...... Behaviorally, MDD patients were slower in response to Target-after-Sad than Target-after-Neutra stimuli. More...
attention biases towards mood-congruent information Leung, 2009 patients and normal controls Specific structural abnormalities in depression are associat...... Specific structural abnormalities in depression are associated with their attention biases towards mood-congruent information. More...
negatively biased cognition Poulsen, 2009 patients and normal controls The altered ERP responses in depressed participants may prov...... The altered ERP responses in depressed participants may provide clues to the neurophysiological processes associated with negatively biased cognition and self-evaluation in clinical depression. More...
emotion processing bias Surguladze, 2010 patients and normal controls Enhanced activation to facial expressions of disgust may ref...... Enhanced activation to facial expressions of disgust may reflect an emotion processing bias that suggests high relevance of emotion of disgust to depression. More...
attentional bias Mingtian, 2010 patients and normal controls These results suggest that MDD patients are characterized by...... These results suggest that MDD patients are characterized by a deficit in protection bias, meaning that these participants cannot avoid attending to negative information in their environment. More...
affective bias Yang, 2011 patients only Compared to controls, MDD patients showed enlarged anterior ...... Compared to controls, MDD patients showed enlarged anterior P2 amplitude to positive target stimuli, reflecting an affective bias in the early attentional stages of processing. More...
affective processing bias Yang, 2011 patients only The present study extended previous findings by demonstratin...... The present study extended previous findings by demonstrating that the affective processing bias in MDD begins in the early stages of perceptual processing and continues at later cognitive stages. More...
negativity bias in emotional perception Yang, 2011 patients only MDD patients showed decreased P1 latency over right posterio...... MDD patients showed decreased P1 latency over right posterior regions to negative relative to positive target stimuli, reflecting a very early onset of the negativity bias in emotional perception. More...

Positive relationships between Cognitive processing bias and other level components at different levels (count: 16) Help
Genetic/epigenetic locus   Protein and other molecule   Cell and molecular pathway   Neural system   Cognition and behavior   Symptoms and signs   Environment
SNP Gene Region Epigenetic site Protein Molecule Pathway Cell Neurobiological system Brain morphology and function Cognition and behavior Symptoms Signs Environment


Positive relationship network of Cognitive processing bias in MK4MDD
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1. The different color of the nodes denotes the level of the nodes.
Genetic/Epigenetic Locus Protein and Other Molecule Cell and Molecular Pathway Neural System Cognition and Behavior Symptoms and Signs Environment MDD
Genetic/Epigenetic Locus Protein and Other Molecule Cell and Molecular Pathway Neural System Cognition and Behavior Symptoms and Signs Environment MDD
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Negative relationships betweenCognitive processing bias and MDD (count: 0)
Negative relationships between Cognitive processing bias and other level components at different levels (count: 0) Help